首頁 arrow 旅遊娛樂 arrow 申辦社會安全碼 (Social Security Number, SSN)
申辦社會安全碼 (Social Security Number, SSN) PDF 列印 E-mail
2008/05/11, 週日

社會安全碼 (Social Security Number, SSN)在美國的生活中扮演著重要的角色,除了繳稅之外,原因無他,就是因為可以讓你申請信用卡然後充分發揮終極購物的許多絕技。


1. 申請信用卡

2. 網路申辦手機(需有信用紀錄,而有信用紀錄的前提是要有SSN申請信用卡)

3. 申辦某些促銷網路專案(像是Comcast)





現在的美國,因為SSN主要是做來繳稅用的,所以如果妳學生(F1 visa)而不是TA、RA或者拿獎學金等工作證明,妳可能就沒有資格申請SSN。

社會安全碼卡 [1]

如果妳是訪問學者,通常學校都會讓妳申辦SSN,看看系上可不可以發給妳一張「預備工作」的證明,如果可以的話,你就可以拿著這張證明到社會安全局申請SSN。F1 學生也可以試著問問看可不可以拿證明,不過根據現在的規定,F1學生沒有工作要拿到學校的「預備工作」證明比較難。






1. 準備申請SSN的原件文件:


Original Social Security Number for a Noncitizen Adult

In general, only noncitizens who have permission to work from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) can apply for a Social Security number. If you do not have permission to work but need a Social Security number for other purposes, see “Work eligibility” for further information.

To apply for a Social Security number:

Anyone age 12 or older requesting an original Social Security number card must appear for an interview at a Social Security office.

Immigration status

To prove your U.S. immigration status, you must show us the current U.S. immigration document, I-94, Arrival/Departure Record, issued to you when you arrived in the United States. If you are an F-1 or M-1 student, you also must show us your I-20, Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant Student Status. If you are a J-1 or J-2 exchange visitor, you must show us your DS-2019, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status.

Work eligibility

For most foreign workers, we only need to see an I-94, Arrival/Departure Record. Some foreign workers also must show their work permits from DHS (I-766 or I-688B).

Student: If you are an F-1 student authorized to work in curricular practical training, you must provide us with a Form I-20 with the employment page (page 3) completed and signed by a designated school official. We also need to see evidence of that employment, such as a recent pay slip or a letter from your employer. Your supervisor must sign and date the letter. The letter must describe:

  • Your job;
  • Your employment start date:
  • The number of hours you are, or will be, working; and
  • Your supervisor’s name and telephone number.

If you are an F-1 or M-1 student and are authorized to work off campus, you must provide us with the Employment Authorization Document you received from DHS.

If you are a J-1 student, you must provide a letter from your sponsor. The letter should be on sponsor letterhead with an original signature that authorizes your employment.

If you do not have permission to work

Lawfully admitted noncitizens can get many benefits and services without a Social Security number. You do not need a number to conduct business with a bank, register for school, apply for educational tests, obtain private health insurance, apply for school lunch programs or apply for subsidized housing. You cannot get a Social Security number for the sole purpose of obtaining a driver’s license.

Government benefits or services: If you do not have permission to work, you may apply for a Social Security number only if:

  • A federal law requires you to provide your Social Security number to get a particular benefit or service; or
  • A state or local law requires you to provide your Social Security number to get general assistance benefits that you already have qualified for.

If you need a number to meet these state or local requirements, you must bring us a letter from the government agency. It must be on letterhead stationery (no form letters or photocopies) and:

  • Specifically identify you as the applicant;
  • Cite the law requiring you to have a Social Security number;
  • Indicate that you meet all the agency’s requirements, except having the number; and
  • Contain an agency contact name and telephone number.

Taxes: If you need a number for tax purposes and you are not authorized to work in the United States, you can apply for an Individual Taxpayer Identification Number from the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). Visit IRS in person or call the IRS toll-free number, 1-800-TAXFORM (1-800-829-3676), and request Form W-7, Application For An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number.

If you are assigned a number for nonwork purposes, you cannot use it to work. If you use it to work, we will inform DHS.


You must present your birth certificate if you have it or can easily obtain it. If not, we can consider other documents, such as a passport or a document issued by DHS, to prove your age.


Social Security will ask to see a current DHS document. Acceptable documents include:

  • Form I-551 (includes machine-readable immigrant visa with your unexpired foreign passport);
  • I-94 with your unexpired foreign passport; or
  • Work permit card from the Department of Homeland Security (I-766 or I-688B).

We may use one document for two purposes. For example, we may use a DHS work permit as proof of both work eligibility and identity. However, you must provide at least two separate documents.

All documents must be either originals or copies certified by the issuing agency. We cannot accept photocopies or notarized copies of documents.We also cannot accept a receipt showing you applied for the document.

We will mail your card as soon as we have all of your information and have verified your documents.

Keep your Social Security card in a safe place. It is an important document. Do not carry it with you.

2. 查找妳附近的社會安全局 (Social Security Office)

妳可以利用 Social Security Office Locator,只要輸入Zip code就能找到。


3. 到 Office辦理




[1] http://people.howstuffworks.com/social-security-number2.htm

Digg! Reddit! Del.icio.us! Facebook! StumbleUpon! Google! Live! MySpace! Yahoo! Ask!

Newer news items:
Older news items:

最後更新 ( 2008/08/14, 週四 )
  No Comments.
Discuss this item on the forums. (0 posts)
< 前一個   下一個 >
語言: 简体中文
聯播: RSS 2.0





The Library The Library

Pittsburgh PA 15203

Green Forest Churrascaria Green Forest Churrascaria

Pittsburgh PA 15235

China Bistro China Bistro
Rockville MD
Category: 北方麵食

Rice To Riches Rice To Riches

New York NY 10012

Junior's Junior's

New York NY 10017

Katz's Delicatessen Katz's Delicatessen

New York NY 10002
Category: Delis 三明治

The Hitching Post The Hitching Post

Buellton CA 93427
Category: 美式料理, 烤肉

Search Deals